|Molecular Weight||Approximately 18.6 kDa, a single non-glycosylated polypeptide chain containing 160 amino acids.|
|AA Sequence||SPGQGTQSEN SCTHFPGNLP NMLRDLRDAF SRVKTFFQMK DQLDNLLLKE SLLEDFKGYL GCQALSEMIQ FYLEEVMPQA ENQDPDIKAH VNSLGENLKT LRLRLRRCHR FLPCENKSKA VEQVKNAFNK LQEKGIYKAM SEFDIFINYI EAYMTMKIRN|
|Purity||> 95 % by SDS-PAGE and HPLC analyses.|
|Biological Activity||Fully biologically active when compared to standard. The ED50 as determined by a cell proliferation assay using murine MC/9-2 cells is less than 1 ng/ml, corresponding to a specific activity of > 1.0 × 106 IU/mg.|
|Physical Appearance||Sterile Filtered White lyophilized (freeze-dried) powder.|
|Formulation||Lyophilized from a 0.2 µm filtered concentrated solution in PBS, pH 7.4.|
|Endotoxin||Less than 1 EU/µg of rHuIL-10 as determined by LAL method.|
|Reconstitution||We recommend that this vial be briefly centrifuged prior to opening to bring the contents to the bottom. Reconstitute in sterile distilled water or aqueous buffer containing 0.1 % BSA to a concentration of 0.1-1.0 mg/mL. Stock solutions should be apportioned into working aliquots and stored at ≤ -20 °C. Further dilutions should be made in appropriate buffered solutions.|
|Stability & Storage||Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
- 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
- 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
- 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
|Usage||This material is offered by Shanghai PrimeGene Bio-Tech for research, laboratory or further evaluation purposes. NOT FOR HUMAN USE.|
|Reference||1. Eskdale J, Kube D, Tesch H, et al. 1997. Immunogenetics. 46:120-8.|
2. Tan JC, Braun S, Rong H, et al. 1995. J Biol Chem. 270:12906-11.
3. Pestka S, Krause CD, Sarkar D, et al. 2004. Annu Rev Immunol. 22:929-79.
|Background||Interleukin-10 (IL-10), also known as cytokine synthesis inhibitory factor (CSIF), is the charter member of the IL-10 family of α-helical cytokines that also includes IL-19, IL-20, IL-22, IL-24, and IL-26/AK155. IL-10 is secreted by many activated hematopoietic cell types as well as hepatic stellate cells, keratinocytes, and placental cytotrophoblasts. Whereas human IL-10 is active on mouse cells, mouse IL-10 does not act on human cells. IL-10 is a 178 amino acid molecule that contains two intrachain disulfide bridges and is expressed as a 36 kDa noncovalently associated homodimer. The IL-10 dimer binds to two IL-10 Rα/IL-10R1 chains, resulting in recruitment of two IL-10 Rβ/IL-10R2 chains and activation of a signaling cascade involving JAK1, TYK2, and STAT3. IL-10Rβ does not bind IL-10 by itself but is required for signal transduction. IL-10 is a critical molecule in the control of viral infections and allergic and autoimmune inflammation. It promotes phagocytic uptake and Th2 responses but suppresses antigen presentation and Th1 proinflammatory responses.|